Detiktoday.com – Injectable insulin is a type of medicine used to meet the needs of the insulin supply needed by diabetics. Insulin is a hormone in charge of helping process sugar that has been absorbed by the body to become energy. Insulin also plays a role in storing energy reserves which can later be used if someday needed by the body.
Insulin therapy is one of the methods of treatment to treat diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate the amount of sugar in the blood or glucose. To regulate blood glucose balance, insulin collaborates with glucagon, aka a hormone that works in the opposite way.
The body uses insulin and glucagon to ensure that blood sugar levels do not become too high or low so that the cell receives enough glucose to be used as energy.
When blood sugar is too low, the pancreas secretes glucagon which causes the liver to release glucose into the bloodstream.
However, the body of diabetics can not produce insulin or insulin that can not work effectively to help maintain blood sugar balance.
Unfortunately, insulin therapy can result in various side effects such as: weight gain, rashes, bumps, or swelling at the injection site of anxiety or cough depression when using inhaled insulin.
Insulin injections can also cause the body’s cells to absorb more glucose in the blood or known as hypoglycemia.
This can cause excessive blood sugar drop.
Blood sugar that is too low can result in the following things: dizziness, difficulty speaking, fatigue, confusion, pale skin, sweating, muscles, twitching, spasms, loss of consciousness.
Insulin therapy can also cause various serious complications. However, this rarely happens. One serious complication due to insulin therapy is fat necrosis.
This condition causes painful lumps to grow in the subcutaneous tissue, just below the surface of the skin. Research in 2013 which proves insulin therapy can increase the following risk: heart attack, stroke, eye complications, kidney problems.
In fact, various studies also prove the use of insulin therapy in patients with type two diabetes can lead to the following risks: the need to increase the dose of increased risk of severe hypoglycemia increased risk of death has the potential to increase the risk of certain cancers, one of which is pancreatic cancer.
Not all people with type 2 diabetes must use insulin therapy. On the other hand, those who have type 1 diabetes need this therapy for the rest of their lives.
Here are three types of people who need insulin therapy:
- Type 1 diabetes Usually begins in childhood when a person cannot produce enough insulin. This happens because the immune system attacks the healthy pancreas.
- Type 2 diabetes This condition can develop at any age but most often occurs when someone enters the age of 45 years and over.
People with type two diabetes need this therapy because their pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells become immune to the insulin reaction.
- Gestational diabetes This condition usually occurs during pregnancy and makes it difficult for a woman’s body to respond to insulin. However, gestational diabetes usually stops after giving birth but can increase a woman’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Using insulin therapy requires a doctor’s prescription. The reason, it takes professionals to determine the right type of insulin and the possibility of side effects or interactions with other drugs.
In addition, people with type 2 or gestational diabetes should also not use this therapy carelessly because they can still use other treatment options to control sugar levels.
Other ways to control blood sugar levels include the use of non-insulin medicines and healthy lifestyle changes.
Using insulin therapy requires special caution and attention.
Too much insulin in the body can cause side effects or serious complications, even when the body lacks insulin.